What is depression, what causes it and what can we do about it?

There are two foundational types of depression:
The first is a condition which develops because of reduced production of serotonin in the brain. This can be genetically determined or a result of long-lasting stress. You experience lack of serotonin as a feeling of  being tired, feeling blue or down often combined with restless sleep and early wake-up, lack of appetite and loss of weight. Once a while come negative dark thoughts. Suicidal thoughts can occur.

The other type occurs as a result of an acute crisis, the death of a loved one, divorce, accident or serious illness. That is, an explanation can be found in your current life situation or possibly with deeper roots that might be hidden for you and may connect with previous incidents in your life.

The first type can sometimes demand medicine combined with psychotherapy such that one doesn’t only treat the symptom but also the underlying roots.
The second type demands an active engagement with the incidents that the depression is rooted in via talk-therapy and the use of therapeutic techniques to help you rediscover balance in your life.